Intellectual Property Law

  • Patents (Amended) Act
  • Trademarks Act
  • Copyright Act
  • Registration and Protection Act
  • Designs Act
  • Information Technology Act

Patents (Amended) Act, 2005:
The history of Patent law in India starts from 1911 when the Indian Patents and Designs Act, 1911 was enacted. The present Patents Act, 1970 came into force in the year 1972, amending and consolidating the then prevailing law relating to Patents in India. The Patents Act, 1970 was further amended by the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005, wherein product patent was extended to all fields of technology including food, drugs, chemicals and micro organisms.
Trademarks Act, 1999:
The Trade Marks Registry was established in India in 1940 and presently it administers the Trade Marks Act, 1999 and the rules thereunder. It acts as a resource and information centre and is a facilitator in matters relating to trade marks in the country. The objective of the Trade Marks Act, 1999 is to register trade marks applied for in the country and to provide for better protection of trade mark for goods and services and also to prevent fraudulent use of the mark.
Copyright Act, 1957:
The Copyright Act, 1957 was enacted to protect original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and cinematograph films and sound recordings from unauthorized uses. Unlike the case with patents, copyright protects the expressions and not the ideas. There is no copyright protection for ideas, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts as such
Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999:
Object of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 is to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India. It is an indication of goods originating from a definite geographical territory. It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods; the manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory and have a special quality or reputation. The primary purpose of this Act is to provide legal protection to Indian geographical indications which in turn boost exports. Registration of geographical indication promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory
Designs Act, 2000:
The essential purpose of design law it to promote and protect the design element of industrial production. It is also intended to promote innovative activity in the field of industries. The existing legislation on industrial designs in India is contained in the New Designs Act, 2000 and this Act will serve its purpose well in the rapid changes in technology and international developments. India has also achieved a mature status in the field of industrial designs and in view of globalization of the economy, the present legislation is aligned with the changed technical and commercial scenario and made to conform to international trends in design administration.
Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008:
This Act provide legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as “electronic commerce”, which involve the use of alternatives to paper-based methods of communication and storage of information, to facilitate electronic filing of documents with the Government agencies and to amend the Indian Penal Code, the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, the Bankers’ Books Evidence Act, 1891 and the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.