HR & Labour Law

  • Employees’ State Insurance Act
  • Maternity Benefits Act
  • Industrial Disputes Act
  • Commercial Establishment Act
  • Factories Act
  • Minimum Wages Act
  • Trade Unions Act
  • Equal Remuneration Act
  • Payment of Gratuity Act
  • Payment of Bonus Act
  • Contract Labour Act
  • Miscellaneous Provisions Act
  • Workmen’s Compensation Act

Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (ESI ACT):
ESI Scheme of India is a multi-dimensional social security system tailored to provide socio-economic protection to worker population and their dependents covered under the scheme. Besides full medical care for self and dependents, that is admissible from day one of insurable employment, the insured persons are also entitled to a variety of cash benefits in times of physical distress due to sickness, temporary or permanent disablement etc. resulting in loss of earning capacity, the confinement in respect of insured women, dependents of insured persons who die in industrial accidents or because of employment injury or occupational hazard are entitled to a monthly pension called the dependents benefit
Maternity Benefits Act, 1961:
The Act regulates the employment of women in certain establishments for certain period before and after child-birth and to provide for maternity benefit and certain other benefits.The object of maternity leave and benefit is to protect the dignity of motherhood by providing for the full and healthy maintenance of women and her child when she is not at work
Industrial Disputes Act, 1948:
The objective of the Industrial Disputes Act is to secure industrial peace and harmony by providing machinery and procedure for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes by negotiations
Shops and Commercial Establishment Act, 1953:
It regulate conditions of work and employment in shops, commercial establishments, residential hotels, restaurants, eating houses, theatres, other places of public entertainment and other establishments. Provisions include regulation of establishments, employment of children, young persons and women, leave and payment of wages, health and safety etc.
Factories Act, 1948:
The Act has been enacted to regulate the working conditions in factories and to ensure provision of the basic minimum requirements for safety, health and welfare of the workers as well as to regulate the working hours, leave, holidays, employment of children, women etc.
Minimum Wages Act, 1948:
The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 was enacted to safeguard the interests of workers, mostly in the unorganised sector by providing for the fixation of minimum wages in certain specified employments. It binds the employers to pay their workers the minimum wages fixed under the Act from time to time.These minimum wages are fixed in order to curb exploitation.
Trade Unions Act, 1926:
The Act has been enacted toprovide for the registration of Trade Unions and in certain respects to define the law relating to registered Trade Unions
Equal Remuneration Act, 1976:
The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 aims to provide for the payment of equal remuneration to men and women workers and for the prevention of discrimination, on the ground of sex, against women in the matter of employment and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972:
This Act was enacted with an object to provide a scheme for payment of gratuity to employees engaged in various entities. It is a welfare legislation and intended to recognize and reward those workmen who have rendered long and faithful service to the employer.
Payment of Bonus Act, 1965:
The Act has been enacted to share a statutory portion in the profits of the establishment i.e. the payment of bonus to persons employed in certain establishments on the basis of profits or productivity and for the matters connected therewith.
Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970:
The Contract Labour Act was passed to prevent exploitation of contract labour and also to introduce better conditions of work. The Act provides for regulation and abolition of contract labour. The underlined policy of the Act is to abolish contract labour wherever possible and practicable and where it can be abolished altogether, the working conditions of the contract labour should be so regulated as to ensure payment of wages and provisions of essential amenities.
Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952:
This Act is an important piece of Labour Welfare legislation enacted to provide social security benefits to the workers. The Act was enacted with the main objective of making some provisions for the future of industrial workers after their retirement and for their dependents in case of death. It provides insurance to workers and their dependents against risks of old age, retirement, discharge, retrenchment or death of workers.
Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923:
The Act aims to provide workmen and/or their dependents some relief in case of accidents arising out of and in the course of employment and causing their death or disablement of workmen.