Environmental Law

  • The Environment Act
  • The Air Act
  • The Water Act

The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The Act was enacted in 1986 with the objective of providing for the protection and improvement of the environment. It empowers the Central Government to establish authorities charged with the mandate of preventing environmental pollution in all its forms and to tackle specific environmental problems that are peculiar to different parts of the country. The Act was later amended in 1991
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
The Act was enacted in 1981 and amended in 1987, is designed to prevent, control and abatement of air-pollution; the provisions relate to preservation of quality of air and control of pollution. Keeping in view these objects the Act has provided for measures, which are preventive in nature, in the cases of industries to be established; and in the case of industries already established, they are remedial. In the case of established industries, it insists on obtaining consent of Board, making the industry amenable to the administrative control of the Board. Once a consent is given, the Board can issue orders, directions etc; which are to be complied with by the industry
The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
The Act was enacted in 1974 to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution, and for the maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water in the country. The Act was later amended in 1988
The Act aims to prevent and control water pollution and to maintain/restore wholesomeness of water by establishing central and state pollution control board to monitor and enforce the regulations